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Claudia Steinwander, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan


Date: 
Monday, November 20, 2017 -
11:00am to 12:20pm
Location: 
Rafik B. Hariri Building: Room 370, McDonough School of Business

Presenter: Claudia Steinwander

Paper [paper not yet available]:  Drivers of Fragmented Production Chains: Evidence from the 19th Century

Abstract: This paper studies how communication technology improvements affect the fragmentation of production across international borders. We examine bilateral imports from Britain to all countries in the world for different product categories along the value chain in the 19th century cotton textile industry. The ruggedness of the submarine sea-floor provides quasi-random variation in  the year in which a country gets connected to the global telegraph network. We show that there were substantial differences in the codifiability of product specifications along the value chain; that is, the extent to which attributes of a product could be specified in words (and thus be sent by telegram) as opposed to inspecting a sample of the product. In particular, product categories more downstream were less codifiable. We find that communication time improvements led to larger increases of imports for more upstream products, thereby increasing domestic manufacturing and increasing fragmentation.

 


The International Economics Seminar series is presented jointly with the Walsh School of Foreign Service and the Economics Department of Georgetown University.